Security challenges

Security challenges

Money laundering
Previous year questions

  1. Money laundering poses a serious threat to country’s economic sovereignty. What is its significance for India and what steps are required to be taken to control this menace? (2013)

RAG Topics



  1. Reverse Money Laundering
  2. Terrorism Financing


  1. Antiquities and Art Treasures Act of 1972 and Indian Antiquity Art Treasure Act.
  2. Enforcement Directorate


  1. Steps taken by government to control money laundering
  2. Foreign Exchange Management Act 1999 (FEMA) and Prevention of Money Laundering Act 2002 (PMLA)

Quick bytes

  1. The International Monetary Fund (IMF) estimates that money laundering accounts for between 2 and 5 percent of the world’s Gross Domestic Product (GDP)

Practice questions

  1. What are the objectives and functions of Enforcement Directorate?

Border Management
Previous year questions

  1. The terms ‘Hot Pursuit’ and ‘Surgical Strikes’ are often used in connection with armed action against terrorist attacks. Discuss the strategic impact of such actions. (2016)
  2. Border management is a complex task due to difficult terrain and hostile relations with some countries. Elucidate the challenges and strategies for effective border management. (2016)
  3. International civil aviation laws provide all countries complete and exclusive sovereignty over the airspace above the territory. What do you understand by airspace? What are the implications of these laws on the space above this airspace? Discuss the challenges which this poses and suggests ways to contain the threat.(2014)
  4. How illegal transborder migration does pose a threat to India’s security? Discuss the strategies to curb this, bring out the factors which give impetus to such migration.(2014)
  5. China and Pakistan have entered into an agreement for development of an economic corridor. What threat does it dispose for India’s security? Critically examine (2014)
  6. How far are India’s internal security challenges linked with border management, particularly in view of the long porous borders with most countries of South Asia and Myanmar? (2013)

RAG Topics



  1. Line of Control (LoC) vs Line of Actual Control (LAC)
  2. China–Pakistan Economic Corridor


  1. India- Bangladesh border management issue
  2. Porous Boundaries


  1. Cold Start
  2. BSF

Quick bytes

  1. In trans-border relations, there are no permanent friends or permanent enemies or even permanent borders. There are only permanent interests and everything should be done to secure these interests – Chanakya

Maritime Security
Previous year questions

  1. In 2012, the longitudinal marking of the high-risk areas for piracy was moved from 65° East to 78° east in the Arabian Sea by International Maritime organisation. What impact does this have on India’s maritime security concerns? (2014)

RAG Topics



  1. The United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS)


  1. Security and Growth for All in the Region (SAGAR)


  1. Piracy & insurance premiums

Quick bytes

  1. While to other countries, the Indian Ocean is only one of the oceanic areas, to India it is the vital sea. Her future is dependent on the freedom of its waters.

Practice questions

  1. Andaman and Nicobar islands – fast emerging as India’s strategic and economic arm into the Indian Ocean. Elaborate

Organized crime & terrorism
RAG Topics



  1. Terror financing


Security forces and agencies
RAG Topics



  1. Chief of defence staff
  2. Shekatkar Committee recommendations
  3. AFSPA
  4. Defence equipment procurement
  1. Bilateral exercises
  2. OROP issue

Practice Questions

  1. Why India needs a chief of defence staff? What are the reasons for its delay?
  2. India is leveraging bilateral military exercises to further strategic cooperation. Discuss with examples

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