07,December,18 Daily newspaper article’s summary

07,December,18 Daily newspaper article’s summary

Summary of newspaper articles from ‘The Hindu’, ‘Economic Times’ and PIB
ARISE IAS: Demystifying UPSC IAS exams

Shielding witnesses:
1.Pending legislation by Parliament, the Supreme Court has asked States to implement a scheme framed by the Centre to protect witnesses in criminal trials from threat, intimidation and undue influence.
2.The tardy judicial process seldom takes into account the distance they have travelled or the time they have lost in attending court, only to be told they have to return another day.
3.The Centre deserves credit for coming forward to suggest that its draft witness protection scheme be introduced by judicial mandate instead of waiting for formal legislation.

Quick retreat:
1.French President Emmanuel Macron’s reforms programme could be at risk of losing steam in the wake of weeks of violent countrywide protests triggered by a proposed increase in the fuel tax.
2.Paradoxically, as head of the centrist La République En Marche party, he had swept to power on a pledge of modernising the economy and restoring popular trust in politicians.
3.But on Wednesday the government cancelled the tax proposal altogether, arguing that a levy that was meant to induce motorists to go green was not worth the price if it undermined social cohesion.

A relationship under stress:
1.The Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) has reportedly concluded that Mohammed bin Salman, the Saudi Arabian Crown Prince, personally ordered the killing of Jamal Khashoggi.
2.While the strategic potential of the partnership has been shrinking, the U.S. has come under greater scrutiny, especially in the post-9/11 world, for its support for Saudi Arabia, the Wahhabi kingdom that stands opposed to everything the U.S. preaches on global stages — from democracy and respecting human rights to religious freedom and independent media.
3.He retained the fundamental elements of the partnership, including trade and economic ties, arms sales and security guarantees, while refusing to act in Syria on the Saudis’ behalf and moving further ahead to strike a nuclear deal with Iran.

Voices of dissent:
1.Problems for the Badals began with the fallout of the tabling of the report of the Justice Ranjit Singh Commission, set up to investigate the sacrilege of the Guru Granth Sahib in October 2015, as well as the killing of two people during a firing against peaceful protesters in Behbal Kalan.
2.Resentment against the domination of Sukhbir Singh Badal and Bikramjit Majithia, president of the youth wing of SAD, has been growing with senior leaders feeling sidelined in the party.
3.This time, not only have Hindu groups backed protests against the sacrilege of the Guru Granth Sahib, but even the SAD’s ally, the BJP, realising the increasing resentment against the Badals, has suitably distanced itself from the issue.

Is social media polarising society?:
1.As we approach the end of the second decade of this century, social media and the Internet have drifted from their promise of closing distances and exposing us to the views of those who existed beyond our personal networks.
2.While the democratisation of discourse that social media has brought about is undeniable and most welcome, we are getting trapped in narrower world views that are seeping into not only voter behaviour but everyday personal interactions.
3.I view social media as comprising multilingual, multicultural and multimedia platforms that are inclusive and allow equal opportunities for all, irrespective of class, creed, race, religion, sex, age or financial resources.

Still on the last chance saloon:
1.In the Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs), planned ahead of the Paris COP-21, each country described the actions it would take and the levels to which greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions would be reduced (mitigation).
2.According to a recent discussion paper from the Ministry of Finance, Government of India, what is required is credible, accurate and verifiable numbers on the climate flows expected from developed countries.
3.The ethical foundations of the climate change fights on the global stage are based largely on the occupation of atmospheric carbon space by rich countries, leaving little room for growth by the latecomers, which are poor nations.

Chinese sugar industry delegation meets NFCSF officials in New Delhi:
1.”The Chinese delegation was satisfied with the information provided about dovetailed practices regarding production, processing, storage and transport of sugar in India,” a NFCSF release said.
2.Dilip Walse Patil, president, NFCSF said, “We expect to get long term access to the the Chinese sugar market, while in the current year, we hope to export 20 lakh tonne sugar to China.”
3.Dilip Walse Patil, president, NFCSF said, “We expect to get long term access to the the Chinese sugar market, while in the current year, we hope to export 20 lakh tonne sugar to China.”

Krishnamurthy Subramanian: ISB professor is India’s new chief economic advisor:
1.A PhD from Chicago-Booth and a top-ranking IIT-IIM alumnus, Krishnamurthy Subramanian is one of the world’s leading experts in banking, corporate governance and economic policy, according to his bio on the ISB website.
2.Before beginning his academic career, Subramanian worked as a consultant with JPMorgan Chase in New York.
3.A PhD from Chicago-Booth and a top-ranking IIT-IIM alumnus, Krishnamurthy Subramanian is one of the world’s leading experts in banking, corporate governance and economic policy

Vice President Addresses 46th Annual Convocation of All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS):
1.Union Health Minister Shri J P Nadda congratulated all the students and stated that ensuring the highest standards of medical education is a top priority for the government.
2.In his address, Shri Nadda said, that under Ayushman Bharat, Pradhan Mantri Jan Arogya Yojana (PMJAY) programme, the government is providing assured universal healthcare to over 50 crore people from the poorest, vulnerable and marginalised sections.
3.AIIMS has been making multifaceted contributions with distinctions, by training hundreds of graduates, postgraduate, in service trainee doctors and nurses; research in priority areas and support to the national programs and other organizations and institutions, he elaborated.

Text of PM’s address at Jagran Forum on the occasion of 75th anniversary celebration of Dainik Jagran:
1.साथियों, जागरण फोरम में आप अनेक विषयों पर चर्चा करने वाले हैं। बहुत से सवाल उठाए जाएंगे, बहुत से जवाब भी खोजे जाएंगे। एक प्रश्‍न आपके मंच पर मैं भी उठा रहा हूं। और प्रश्‍न मेरा है लेकिन उसके साथ पूरे देश की भावनाएं जुड़ी हुई हैं। आप भी अक्‍सर सोचते होंगे, हैरत में पड़ते होंगें कि आखिर हमारा देश पिछड़ा क्‍यों रह गया। आजादी के इतने दशकों के बाद.. ये कसक आपके मन में भी होगी कि हम क्‍यों पीछे रह गए। हमारे पास विशाल उपजाऊ भूमि है, हमारे नौजवान बहुत प्रतिभाशाली और मेहनती भी हैं, हमारे पास प्राकृतिक संसाधनों की कभी कोई कमी नहीं रही। इतना सब कुछ होने के बावजूद हमारा देश आगे क्‍यों नहीं बढ़़ पाया। क्‍या कारण है कि छोटे-छोटे देश भी जिनकी संख्‍या बहुत कम है, जिनके पास प्राकृतिक संपदा भी लगभग न के बराबर है। ऐसे देश भी बहुत कम समय में हमसे आगे निकल गए हैं।
2.साथियों, आखिर पहले की सरकारें ऐसा क्‍यों नहीं कर सकी और अब जो हो रहा है वो कैसे हो रहा है। लोग वही है, bureaucracy वही है, संस्‍थाएं भी वही है, फाइल का जाने का रास्‍ता भी वही है, टेबल कुर्सी कलम वो सब कुछ वही है फिर भी ये बदलाव क्‍यों आया। इस बात का ये सबूत है कि देश बदल सकता है। और मैं आपको ये भी दिलाना चाहता हूं कि जो भी बदलाव आया है, जो भी परिवर्तन आ रहा है, गति आई है वो तब तक नहीं आती जब तक बिल्‍कुल जमीनी स्‍तर पर जाकर फैसले नहीं कर लिए जाते, उन पर अमल नहीं किया जाता।
3.साथियों, आज भारत में connectivity से लेकर communication तक competition से लेकर convenience जीवन के हर पहलू को तकनीक से जोड़ने का प्रयास हो रहा है। तकनीक और मानवीय संवेदनाओं की शक्ति से ease of leaving सुनिश्चित की जा रही है। हमारी व्‍यवस्‍थाएं तेजी से नए विश्‍व की जरूरतों के लिए तैयार हो रही हैं। सोलर पावर हो, बायोफ्यूल हो इस पर आधुनिक व्‍यवस्‍थाओं को तैयार किया जा रहा है।

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