25,November,18 Daily newspaper article’s summary

25,November,18 Daily newspaper article’s summary

Summary of newspaper articles from ‘The Hindu’, ‘Economic Times’ and PIB
ARISE IAS: Demystifying UPSC IAS exams

Corridor of hope:
1.That demand had gathered pace in 1995, when Pakistan renovated the Kartarpur gurdwara, situated on the site on the bank of the Ravi where the founder of Sikhism, Guru Nanak, spent his last 18 years.
2.In their effort to facilitate travel by Sikhs to important shrines on both sides of the border, they were also alert to the potential of such a move to heal ties amongst their people, and promote dialogue between the two governments.
3.Recently, there was an ugly and unnecessary controversy when Pakistan Army Chief Qamar Javed Bajwa revived the Kartarpur proposal in a conversation with Navjot Singh Sidhu, a Minister in the Congress government in Punjab, at Mr. Khan’s swearing-in ceremony in August.

Rolling back:
1.The decision to reverse the contested provision in the law, introduced in July, follows the European Court of Justice (ECJ) order last month to suspend the measure.
2.The European Commission had earlier asked the Luxembourg-based institution to freeze the retirement move, pending a final ruling on whether Poland’s judicial overhaul was at odds with the bloc’s common policies.
3.Developments in Warsaw will be watched closely in the other three Visegrád countries, notably Hungary, where the government’s stridently populist stance has brought it into open confrontation with Brussels.

Unlawful dissolution: On J&K Assembly:
1.In dissolving the Jammu and Kashmir Assembly without giving any claimant an opportunity to form the government, Governor Satya Pal Malik has violated constitutional law and convention.
2.In Rameshwar Prasad (2006), the then Bihar Governor Buta Singh’s recommendation for dissolving the Assembly the previous year was held to be illegal and mala fide.
3.With the BJP backing Peoples Conference leader Sajjad Lone, the PDP may have sensed a danger to the unity of its 29-member legislature party and agreed to an unusual alliance with its political adversaries.

Cricket’s final frontier: Can India win a test series in Australia?:
1.Sachin Tendulkar has scored 100 international centuries, but even today his splendid 114 at Perth during the 1992 tour of Australia is regarded as one of his finest.
2.For Virat Kohli’s men, who have just set foot in Australia and narrowly lost their first Twenty20 encounter , the long tour presents an opportunity for India to reiterate its credentials.
3.The hosts remain a powerful force at home, but having been weakened by the ban-induced absence of Steve Smith and David Warner following the ball-tampering incident earlier this year in South Africa, they are shorn of their usual domineering aura.

Looking beyond the optics:
1.The Vietnam National Assembly ratified the CPTPP on November 12, asserting its growing economic impact globally, with exports increasing to approximately $240 billion for the year 2018.
2.One of the core areas of Mr. Kovind’s visit focussed on furthering cooperation in agriculture and innovation-based sectors, pushing the potential for increasing bilateral trade to $15 billion by 2020.
3.Internationally, Vietnam’s foreign policy is characterised by ‘multidirectionalism’, which addresses regional asymmetries of the power balance by engaging across a broad spectrum of states to achieve its interests.

Get the model right: on state-sponsored insurance:
1.Ayushman Bharat, for instance, has enhanced the Rashtriya Swasthya Bima Yojana (RSBY) of the United Progressive Alliance government, to cover around 11 crore families with a yearly coverage of ₹5 lakh.
2.Another pertinent issue is finding reinsurers for government insurance schemes, a problem that is being encountered by companies on the Pradhan Mantri Jeevan Jyoti Bima Yojana because of high claims.
3.Rajasekhar Reddy (the forerunner of the RSBY), they showed that the bid by insurance companies on such health schemes included a 20% margin for administrative expense and profit.

Gandhi opposed Partition:
1.I was shocked when a young Indian professional recently advised me to listen to the audiotape of Nathuram Godse’s speech in the court trying him for Mahatma Gandhi’s murder to get the “right perspective” on both Gandhi and Godse.
2.An obvious admirer of Godse, he found the assassin’s rant blaming Gandhi for abetting Partition convincing, thus implying that Gandhi’s assassination was a legitimate act of retribution carried out by a true Indian nationalist.
3.Nehru was also eventually convinced that Partition was a necessary evil in order to neutralise Jinnah’s nuisance value and to establish a strong and centralised Indian state which would not have been possible with Muslim League ministries in office in undivided Punjab and Bengal.

Will the BJP lose Rajasthan?:
1.An example of the gravity of unemployment in the State can be seen from the fact that for the 18 posts advertised for peons in 2017 by the Rajasthan Assembly, among 13,000 applicants, 129 were engineers, 23 were lawyers, one was a chartered accountant and 393 were postgraduates.
2.The renewed recourse to emotive issues is a clear testimony to an internal acknowledgement by the party that on jobs and other parameters of development, the BJP is staring at defeat.
3.Mr. Modi has not yet appointed a Lokpal, and Ms. Raje recently extended the tenure of the Lokayukta to eight years from the earlier five, causing a severe dent to the integrity of the institution.

How fast does traffic move in your city?:
1.Indian cities and towns, bustling with people, vehicles and narrow roads, are among the most congested urban areas in the world.
2.The study, which simulated over 2 crore trips across 154 cities, was published as a World Bank Policy Research Working Paper recently.
3.The below visualisation shows the relationship between number of registered vehicles (as of 2016, data from the Ministry of Road Transport) in big cities and the congestion factor.

Not by ordinance:
1.Second, we have to turn to the Acquisition of Certain Area at Ayodhya Act, 1993, which acquired the site to put an end to the litigation, and vested the property in Central government.
2.The cessation or abatement of the pending Ayodhya case between the Muslims and Hindus (Section 4(3)) was set aside by the Supreme Court while unfairly allowing Hindu worship.
3.Hindu fundamentalism reigns free with its Hindutva, “ ghar wapsi ”, cow protection, violence, murders of activists and the Ram temple movement seeking immediate solution.

Aligning the triad: On India’s nuclear deterrence:
1.The INS Arihant, India’s first nuclear ballistic missile submarine that completed its sea patrol earlier this month, will contribute significantly to making India’s deterrence capability more robust.
2.As a matter of fact, communicating with SSBNs without being intercepted by the adversaries’ tracking systems while the submarines navigate deep and far-flung waters is among the most difficult challenges in maintaining an SSBN fleet.
3.Add to this mix China’s mega infrastructure project, the Belt and Road Initiative, with its ambitious maritime objectives; and the revival of the Quadrilateral Security Dialogue, or Quad, with India, U.S., Japan, and Australia.

White Revolution 3.0?:
1.By Mihir Kumar Singh, Joint Secretary, Cattle & Dairy Development, Government Of India Verghese Kurien, the father of White revolution , on whose birthday we celebrate the National Milk day on 26th November ,would have been very pleased today.
2.However, with another surplus season starting and the World milk market witnessing consistent over production by major producing countries like USA and EU, the time has come to have a re-look at the whole policy for Dairy sector and to device steps so that the interests of the Indian farmers and consumers are protected.
3.Thankfully the private sector has expanded fast into Value added products because of their higher profit margins and their sales are growing at a much faster rate than liquid milk .

Panel on RBI’s capital framework likely to be formed this week:
1.In the past, the issue of the ideal size of RBI’s reserves was examined by three committees — V Subrahmanyam (1997), Usha Thorat (2004) and Y H Malegam (2013).
2.In the November 19 meeting, the RBI board also decided on a slew of measures, including a restructuring scheme for MSME borrowers with credit facilities of up to Rs 25 crore and giving banks some concession on capital adequacy norms.
3.It also decided to refer the issue of relaxing prompt corrective action (PCA) framework for weak banks to the Board of Financial Supervision (BFS) of the RBI.

English rendering of PM’s address in 50th episode of Mann Ki Baat on 25.11.2018:
1.They are of the view that broadly speaking, their Prime Minister being associated with the latest in technology, Social Media and Mobile Apps; WHY did he choose radio as a medium to connect with his countrymen?
2.It was then that he elaborated on how on the day of the nuclear test, the then Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee had announced to the Media and how he broke into a dance on listening to it on the radio.
3.For ensuring a bright future for a country such as India, it isour collective responsibility to acknowledge and honour the common man’s talent and deeds and Mann Ki Baat is a humble and modest effort in this direction.

Admiral Sunil Lanba, Chief of the Naval Staff to Visit Russia (26 to 29 November 2018):
1.The CNS will be commencing his official visit from St Petersburg on 26 November 2018, where he is scheduled to hold bilateral discussions with his counterpart, Admiral Vladimir Korolev, Commander-in-Chief, Russian Federation Navy (RuFN).
2.The Admiral is also scheduled to lay a wreath at Piskarev Memorial Cemetery dedicated to the victims of the ‘Siege of Leningrad’ and visit the Nakhimov Naval School and Admiralty Shipyard.
3.The Admiral will also visit the Military Academy of the General Staff of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation and deliver a talk on “Indian Navy’s Perspective on Maritime Security”.

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