Daily Newspaper article’s summary 2018-07-27
Summary of Newspaper artciles from ‘The Hindu’, ‘Economic Times’ and PIB
ARISE IAS: Demystifying UPSC IAS exams
The Pakistan test:
1.The campaign for these federal and provincial elections in Pakistan has been called the “dirtiest” in its history, and the announcement of the results is already tainted by allegations of rigging and military interference.
2.In fact, the removal of Nawaz Sharif as Prime Minister last summer and later from the electoral arena over a conviction on corruption charges had given the impression that the dice were loaded in Mr. Khan’s favour.
3.His next set of challenges emerge from the region, where he will be expected to make good on promises made by Pakistan to Washington and Kabul to crack down on terror and bring the Taliban to the table for talks.
1.A new report from the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS) bears good news for the global war against the syndrome.
2.The UNAIDS report points out that a country’s laws can legitimise stigma and give licence to the harassment of groups at the highest risk of HIV.
3.Studies show that fear of prosecution under such laws prevents homosexual men, drug-users and sex workers from seeking HIV screening and treatment.
What is learned helplessness in psychology?:
1.This refers to a mental state where an organism refuses to undertake any evasive action to protect itself from a painful stimulus.
2.Learned helplessness occurs when an organism comes to believe that it cannot do anything within its means to stop the painful stimuli.
3.The term was coined by American psychologists Martin Seligman and Steven Maier who conducted experiments on dogs in the 1960s and 1970s to test their theory of clinical depression.
Keeping the past alive:
1.“You’re standing on a site where enslaved people were warehoused.” These words, written on the wall of the Legacy Museum in Montgomery, Alabama, welcome visitors to a large hall where pictures, short films and simulated images speak of the horrors of slavery in America.
2.The 11,000 sq ft museum, opened on April 26 by Montgomery’s Equal Justice Initiative (EJI), a non-profit organisation, leads the visitor through the history of slavery, and the lynching, segregation and mass incarceration of African-Americans.
3.Inside the memorial complex are 800 steel columns with photographs of lynched women hanging from trees and lamp poles, a chilling reminder of an era of racist terror.
New models for airport management:
1.The Airports Economic Regulatory Authority has been under tremendous pressure with an increase in the number of private operators entering the airline/airport sector.
2.For engaging private partners in infrastructure projects, several business models like predetermined tariff or tariff-based bidding have come into place.
3.The AERA Bill, importantly, seeks to update Section 13 of the 2008 Act in tune with the current business models and tariff system.
AI superpower or client nation?:
1.And it is fast squandering its great advantages of high IT capabilities and a big domestic market required for data harvesting.
2.The problem is that they are jostling for crumbs of IT/digital business when Indian policymakers should be aiming at the highest levels of new value chains that AI will create in every sector.
3.Amazon and Google both push their cloud services to try to become the default machine learning platforms, which they open source to fence in the largest number of clients and followers possible.
Has the Right to Information Act been weakened?:
1.So probing and effective are many of the questions that powerful vested interests try to threaten, bribe, cajole, browbeat, and when all else fails, kill the person seeking to expose their misdeeds.
2.At the centre of the discussion is the need to focus on reassessing the efficacy of the RTI on the substantive issues of providing information and enforcing the provisions of the Act, and the awareness of applicants and respondents through periodic seminars, workshops, etc.
3.For an informed citizenry, all stakeholders, including public-spirited individuals, youth organisations and NGOs should create awareness about the provisions of the Act so that the RTI mechanism can be strengthened to usher in a new era of transparency, accountability and good governance.
Inside Parliament | The simmering Dalit anger:
1.Goel as National Green Tribunal chairman even as he repeated his demand for the release of Bhim Army chief Chandrashekhar Azad from jail.
2.The countrywide protests and ensuing violence in the wake of the judgement leading to several deaths had forced the Centre to return to the Supreme Court for a review .
3.So, even as the no-confidence motion, the controversial Rafale deal and the government’s desire to push through the Triple Talaq Bill without the amendments demanded of it have dominated headlines about this current session of Parliament, the simmering Dalit anger has not been given as much notice.
Prime Minister Imran Khan:
1.Perhaps the biggest shock has been the rout of the Muttahida Qaumi Movement (MQM) in its perceived stronghold, Karachi, where again the PTI has made significant gains.
2.Pakistan’s demography — with a large proportion of young and first-time voters, called ‘youthias’, supporting the PTI — is also likely to have worked in Mr. Khan’s favour this time more than in 2013, given a considerably mauled PML(N).
3.Since his party has not won a complete majority, he will have to be conciliatory and show a far more inclusive attitude towards other groups in Parliament than he has during his vile campaign.
Investment in digital infrastructure crucial for emerging economies: PM Modi:
1.Addressing the BRICS Outreach Session here, Modi called for more investment in the digital infrastructure and skill development in the area of digitisation.
2.Thanks to digital revolution, new opportunities are emerging for us and that is the reason why it is necessary that we be completely ready for the changes that will come out through AI and big data analytics,” he said.
3.”The most profound effect of decrease in growth rate has been felt by countries such us ours who could not gain from the industrial progress made during the colonial time,” the prime minister said.
Gold imports rise 22% to USD 33.65 billion in 2017-18:
1.The country’s gold imports, which has a bearing on the current account deficit ( CAD ), increased by 22.31 per cent to USD 33.65 billion in 2017-18, according to Commerce Ministry data.
2.CAD, which is the difference between the inflow and outflow of foreign exchange , jumped to USD 48.7 billion, or 1.9 per cent of GDP, in 2017-18 fiscal.
3.To mitigate the negative impact of gold imports on trade deficit and CAD, the government took certain measures to cut the inbound shipments of the yellow metal.
PM’s address at BRICS Outreach dialogue in Johannesburg, South Africa:
1.PM’s address at BRICS Outreach dialogue in Johannesburg, South Africa Excellency, President Cyril Ramaphosa,
2.अपने साझेदार देशों के साथ उनके विकास के लिए भारत पूरा योगदान करता रहा है। South-South Cooperation के अंतर्गत अपने विकास अनुभवों को साझा करके हम अन्य विकासशील देशों में तकनीकी सहयोग, training एवं capacity building द्वारा हर संभव सहयोग हमारी विदेश नीति का अहम हिस्सा है। साथ ही, भागीदार देशों की आवश्यकताओं और प्राथमिकताओं के अनुसार infrastructure, power, agriculture, education, health, Information Technology जैसे क्षेत्रों में स्वयं विकासशील देशों होते हुए भी भारत यथा सामर्थ्य आर्थिक सहायता भी देता रहा है। भारत की अपनी विकास यात्रा में South-South Cooperation एक प्रमुख आधार रहा है। अपने विकास अनुभव को विकासशील देशों के साथ साझा करना भारत के लिए हमेशा से प्राथमिकता रही है, और भविष्य में भी रहेगी।
3.Press Information Bureau Government of IndiaPrime Minister’s Office27-July-2018 15:14 IST
IAS Officers of 2016 batch call on the President:
1.It is one of those institutions that knit together our country with a common governance framework, a shared administrative ethos and by promoting a uniform culture and value system in public service.
2.It is incumbent upon them to bring the learning, expertise, experience and standards of integrity of an elite all-India service to every rung of government in our very diverse country.
3.The President pointed out that many of the officers will end their careers as Secretaries in the 2040s – perhaps at about the time India celebrates the 100 th anniversary of Independence.
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