Daily Newspaper article’s summary 2018-11-14

Daily Newspaper article’s summary 2018-11-14

Summary of Newspaper artciles from ‘The Hindu’, ‘Economic Times’ and PIB
ARISE IAS: Demystifying UPSC IAS exams

Changing trends?:
1.Over the weekend, Saudi Arabia signalled its discomfort with the falling prices and hinted at a fresh cut of one million barrels a day.
2.Since then, the U.S. has granted a temporary waiver to eight countries, including major buyers India and China, to continue importing oil from Iran for at least the next six months.
3.Even after OPEC’s sudden change in its supply outlook, oil surprisingly continued its longest losing streak on record, perhaps owing to expectations that the production cut would not raise prices significantly.

Four corners: on the Quad’s agenda:
1.As officials from the ‘Quadrilateral’ grouping of India, Australia, Japan and the U.S. meet in Singapore on Wednesday, their challenge will be to accurately describe their common agenda.
2.During this round, the four countries are expected to discuss infrastructure projects they are working on, and building humanitarian disaster response mechanisms.
3.The entire focus on the Indo-Pacific makes the Quad a maritime, rather than land-based, grouping, raising questions whether the cooperation extends to the Asia-Pacific and Eurasian regions.

What is ‘group polarisation’ in psychology?:
1.Increased interaction between like-minded individuals can cause groups as a whole to assume more extreme positions.
2.Such polarisation, however, may not happen when the group consists of individuals with vastly different view points.
3.The same may not happen in a group that consists of both liberals and conservatives.

A reality check on cooperative federalism:
1.of NCT of Delhi v. Union of India , the Supreme Court gently tilted the balance of executive power in favour of the Government of the National Capital Territory vis-à-vis the Lieutenant Governor (and by extension, the Centre).
2.The facts behind the case and the acrimonious litigation, which the Supreme Court did not examine in its July 2018 ruling, clearly bring out the yawning gap between the Constitution’s intent and political reality.
3.The southern States have been vocal about the false positives and negatives from tax sharing and this mechanism is largely subject to the recommendations of the Finance Commission (FC) and action by Parliament.

Beyond ideology?:
1.They are not countries at war for territory, where there is one with imperial ambitions and the other trying to protect its turf, in the belief that it rightfully belongs to it.
2.On the question of ideology and its relatively rare occurrence in the Indian polity, consider the TDP, whose original raison d’etre was reasserting and protecting Telugu pride and anti-Congressism.
3.Given the TDP’s bitter enmity with the Congress over these decades, Mr. Naidu’s alliance-building exercises with Mr. Gandhi, in order to take on the TDP’s former friend, the BJP, is erasing the TDP’s identity.

The most inconvenient question of them all:
1.Three were arrested for tying her to a tree through the night on October 18 and then beating her with multiple objects and burning her with metal rods that had been held over a stove.
2.Another time, the same man who grabbed the girl on October 15 tied her to a pole for hours after accusing her of stealing his mobile phone charger.
3.The only resident who agreed to a phone interaction said that the family would be accepted back only if the child’s father apologised for her behaviour to the village at its temple.

What is ‘disguised unemployment’ in economics?:
1.Also known as hidden unemployment, this refers to a situation where labour that is employed in a job is not actually utilised for the production of goods and services.
2.Sometimes disguised unemployment could simply be a form of underemployment wherein the skills of a labour force are not utilised to their full capacity.
3.In many other cases, however, such unemployment could simply be due to the lack of other alternative avenues of production where the surplus labour could be employed profitably.

Name changers versus game changers:
1.Demonetisation appears to be a disaster and the imposition of the Goods and Services Tax seems to have had a negative impact on the financial capacity of a substantial number of people.
2.Writing a Constitution that considered the country’s linguistic and religious diversity as well as demands for social and economic justice was an equally great achievement.
3.In contrast, those who look to the past in search of a golden age symbolise the reactionary tendency, which, as the example of Pakistan illustrates clearly, can lead to disastrous consequences.

A history we must confront:
1.My son has just turned nine, roughly the age that my father was when Viceroy Mountbatten announced the results of Cyril Radcliffe’s red pen slashing through the map of imperial India.
2.As the protagonists of this television series travel back to August 1947, the lead character, the Doctor, says to Yas, whose history they are exploring, “It’s not just the country that gets divided.
3.Yes, the British played their part with ruthless efficiency in their policy of divide and rule, assiduously visited on the nation as they consolidated their hold after 1857.

The reason for renaming places:
1.We are not exactly recovering lost ground, because as the Hindi poet Bodhisattva wrote, there never was a Prayag that the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh and the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) claim to be restoring now.
2.This can also be the reason for Prime Minister Narendra Modi not facing censure in Parliament when he said, while speaking after the debate on the motion of thanks to the President for his address, that the slave mentality of 1,200 years continues to trouble us.
3.The nationalist project of the present ruling party is based on the idea of making invisible and subjugating an entire population to keep the majority in a permanent state of dominance.

See Sri Lanka’s national crisis for what it is:
1.Mr. Rajapaksa, who further entrenched the executive presidency including by removing its two-term limit and later manoeuvred the impeachment of a Supreme Court Chief Justice, was dislodged by a broad array of political forces.
2.Moreover, feeding into the frenzy of the international media seeing developments through a hollow geopolitical lens, the Sirisena-Rajapksa camp claims that the sale of Sri Lanka’s assets to China and India and the Free Trade Agreement with Singapore over the last few years by the United National Party (UNP) led by ousted Prime Minister Ranil Wickremesinghe have undermined sovereignty and triggered an economic crisis.
3.While the U.S. mobilised resolutions to rein in Mr. Rajapaksa, who was tilting towards China and Iran, he politically gained from the condemnation in Geneva, projecting himself as a defender of war heroes from international bullies.

No plans to grant MFN status to India: Pakistan:
1.LAHORE: The Pakistan government has said it has “no immediate plans” to grant Most Favoured Nation (MFN) status to India .
2.Asked whether the government was considering granting MFN status to India and that Prime Minister Imran Khan was keen to hold peace talks with the Indian government, Adviser to the Prime Minister for Commerce, Textile, Industry and Investments, Abdul Razak Dawood said, “No such plans at the moment”.
3.Under the MFN status, a WTO member country is obliged to treat other trading nations in a non-discriminatory manner, especially with regard to customs duty and other levies, but Pakistan is yet to transition fully to MFN status for India.

Investment policy: Looking at 2019 and beyond:
1.The recent renewable energy auctions, which failed to attract significant bids, bring to the fore the crucial question around price caps.
2.The sector is vital not just to improve the lot of farmers (who are at the riskiest end of the farm-to-fork model) but also to create avenues to feed a sizeable consuming population.
3.Government policies that create an effective pricing environment and avenues for revenue generation to enable investment and infrastructure will be crucial going forward.

Shri Mandaviya Says Bhoomi Rashi Portal has Changed the Process of Land Acquisition System in the Country:
1.Union Minister of State for Road Transport & Highways, Shipping and Chemical & Fertilizers, Shri Mansukh Mandaviya has expressed confidence over the successful implementation of the BhoomiRashi Portal in Land Acquisition process for roads and highways sector in the country.
2.He said, this digital change has drastically reduced the time taken for issuance of land acquisition notifications from 3-6 months to 1-2 weeks.
3.Earlier the approved compensation amount used to be parked with the CALA (Competent Authority for Land Acquisition) but with BhoomiRashi portal this amount directly transferred into the account of the person concerned, through Public Financial Management System which is an integral part of the portal.

Liberalization of visa regime of India during the last one year:
1.Accordingly, the State Government concerned or the FRROs can now take decision locally and grant PAP or RAP to such foreigners immediately.
2.With a view to promote flow of tourism and investment, 30 islands of Andaman & Nicobar have been excluded from the RAP regime notified under the Foreigners (Restricted Areas) Order, 1963.
3.Provisions relating to grant of intern visa have been liberalized with a view to attract more foreigners for internship in India which will be beneficial to Indian organizations.

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