Daily Newspaper article’s summary 2018-11-23

Daily Newspaper article’s summary 2018-11-23

Summary of Newspaper artciles from ‘The Hindu’, ‘Economic Times’ and PIB
ARISE IAS: Demystifying UPSC IAS exams

Unlawful dissolution: On J&K Assembly:
1.In dissolving the Jammu and Kashmir Assembly without giving any claimant an opportunity to form the government, Governor Satya Pal Malik has violated constitutional law and convention.
2.In Rameshwar Prasad (2006), the then Bihar Governor Buta Singh’s recommendation for dissolving the Assembly the previous year was held to be illegal and mala fide.
3.With the BJP backing Peoples Conference leader Sajjad Lone, the PDP may have sensed a danger to the unity of its 29-member legislature party and agreed to an unusual alliance with its political adversaries.

Cricket’s final frontier:
1.Sachin Tendulkar has scored 100 international centuries, but even today his splendid 114 at Perth during the 1992 tour of Australia is regarded as one of his finest.
2.For Virat Kohli’s men, who have just set foot in Australia and narrowly lost their first Twenty20 encounter , the long tour presents an opportunity for India to reiterate its credentials.
3.The hosts remain a powerful force at home, but having been weakened by the ban-induced absence of Steve Smith and David Warner following the ball-tampering incident earlier this year in South Africa, they are shorn of their usual domineering aura.

How cities move:
1.Indian cities and towns, bustling with people, vehicles and narrow roads, are among the most congested urban areas in the world.
2.The study, which simulated over 2 crore trips across 154 cities, was published as a World Bank Policy Research Working Paper recently.
3.The below visualisation shows the relationship between number of registered vehicles (as of 2016, data from the Ministry of Road Transport) in big cities and the congestion factor.

Get the model right: on state-sponsored insurance:
1.Ayushman Bharat, for instance, has enhanced the Rashtriya Swasthya Bima Yojana (RSBY) of the United Progressive Alliance government, to cover around 11 crore families with a yearly coverage of ₹5 lakh.
2.Another pertinent issue is finding reinsurers for government insurance schemes, a problem that is being encountered by companies on the Pradhan Mantri Jeevan Jyoti Bima Yojana because of high claims.
3.Rajasekhar Reddy (the forerunner of the RSBY), they showed that the bid by insurance companies on such health schemes included a 20% margin for administrative expense and profit.

Gandhi opposed Partition:
1.I was shocked when a young Indian professional recently advised me to listen to the audiotape of Nathuram Godse’s speech in the court trying him for Mahatma Gandhi’s murder to get the “right perspective” on both Gandhi and Godse.
2.An obvious admirer of Godse, he found the assassin’s rant blaming Gandhi for abetting Partition convincing, thus implying that Gandhi’s assassination was a legitimate act of retribution carried out by a true Indian nationalist.
3.Nehru was also eventually convinced that Partition was a necessary evil in order to neutralise Jinnah’s nuisance value and to establish a strong and centralised Indian state which would not have been possible with Muslim League ministries in office in undivided Punjab and Bengal.

Will the BJP lose Rajasthan?:
1.An example of the gravity of unemployment in the State can be seen from the fact that for the 18 posts advertised for peons in 2017 by the Rajasthan Assembly, among 13,000 applicants, 129 were engineers, 23 were lawyers, one was a chartered accountant and 393 were postgraduates.
2.The renewed recourse to emotive issues is a clear testimony to an internal acknowledgement by the party that on jobs and other parameters of development, the BJP is staring at defeat.
3.Mr. Modi has not yet appointed a Lokpal, and Ms. Raje recently extended the tenure of the Lokayukta to eight years from the earlier five, causing a severe dent to the integrity of the institution.

Aligning the triad: On India’s nuclear deterrence:
1.The INS Arihant, India’s first nuclear ballistic missile submarine that completed its sea patrol earlier this month, will contribute significantly to making India’s deterrence capability more robust.
2.As a matter of fact, communicating with SSBNs without being intercepted by the adversaries’ tracking systems while the submarines navigate deep and far-flung waters is among the most difficult challenges in maintaining an SSBN fleet.
3.Add to this mix China’s mega infrastructure project, the Belt and Road Initiative, with its ambitious maritime objectives; and the revival of the Quadrilateral Security Dialogue, or Quad, with India, U.S., Japan, and Australia.

Fourteen mega food parks to become operational this year:
1.Fourteen mega food parks (MFPs) will become operational this year with a minimum estimated investment of Rs 3500 crore, which the government says will create more than 70,000 jobs.
2.Creation of MFPs aims to bring together farmers, processors and retailers and link them with the market so as to ensure maximisation of value addition, minimisation of wastages and improving of farmers’ income.
3.The MFPs create modern infrastructure facilities for food processing along the value chain from farm to market with strong forward and backward linkages through a cluster based approach.

India to give 5 percent subsidy for non-basmati rice exports for 4 months: Government:
1.The government will give a subsidy of 5 percent for non-basmati rice exports for the four months to March 25, 2019, the trade ministry said in the order dated Nov. 22.
2.India’s rice exports during April-September dropped 9.6 percent from a year earlier to 5.8 million tonnes, as leading buyer Bangladesh reduced purchases due to bumper local harvest .
3.India’s rice exports during April-September dropped 9.6 percent from a year earlier to 5.8 million tonnes, as leading buyer Bangladesh reduced purchases due to bumper local harvest.

Notification Issued for Inclusion of Quadricycles as Non Transport Vehicles:
1.Press Information Bureau Government of IndiaMinistry of Road Transport & Highways23-November-2018 15:37 IST
2.A Quadricycle is a vehicle of the size of a 3-wheeler but with 4 tyres and fully covered like a car.
3.This makes it a cheap and safe mode of transport for last mile connectivity.

President of India Delivers Lecture on “Australia and India as Knowledge Partners” at University of Melbourne; Calls for Enhanced Sci-Tech and Innovation Relations:
1.Speaking on the occasion, the President said the India-Australia knowledge partnership rests on two pillars: education cooperation and scientific collaboration.
2.Earlier the President commenced his engagements in Melbourne with a visit to Government House, where he was received by the Governor of Victoria, Ms Linda Dessau.
3.The two leaders also discussed the advance of India’s renewable energy programme and India’s initiative in setting up the International Solar Alliance.

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