Previous year questions

  1. “The growth of cities as I.T. hubs has opened up new avenues of employment, but has also created new problems”. Substantiate this statement with examples (2017)
  2. What are ‘Smart Cities’? Examine their relevance for urban development in India. Will it increase rural-urban differences? Give arguments for ’Smart Villages’ in the light of PURA and RURBAN Mission. (2016)
  3. Mumbai, Delhi and Kolkata are the three mega cities of the country but the air pollution is much more serious problem in Delhi as compared to the other two. Why is this so? (2015)
  4. Smart cities in India cannot sustain without smart villages. Discuss this statement in the backdrop of rural urban integration. (2015)
  5. National Urban Transport Policy emphasizes on ‘moving people’ instead of ‘moving vehicles’. Discuss critically the success of the various strategies of the Government in this regard. (2014)
  6. Discuss the various social problems which originated out of the speedy process of urbanization in India. (2013)
  7. The significance of counter-urbanisation in the improvement of metropolitan cities in India. (2011)

RAG Topics



  1. Slum Free India
  2. AMRUT
  3. Urban poor vs Rural poor
  4. Urban Transport


  2. SDG 11

Quick bytes

  1. In the past year, there has been much talk about building climate-resilient cities. You can’t build climate-resilient cities. You unbuild them.
  2. The urban melting pot may well offer the possibility of human advancement and escape from socio-cultural vulnerabilities.
  3. The Minister for Housing and Urban Poverty Alleviation mentioned a “4S and 4P formula” to make a city smart: “Smart leadership, smart governance, smart technologies and smart people; and the Public-Private-People Partnership.”

Practice questions

  1. Discuss the important components of Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana.
  2. Discuss the reasons for frequent flooding in urban spaces during monsoon. Suggest measures to control them.

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